Batik is one way of making fabric. Besides batik can refer to two things. The first is the technique of coloring cloth using the ‘malam’ to prevent staining part of the fabric. In the international literature, this technique is known as a wax-resist dyeing. The second notion is a fabric or clothing made ??with these techniques, including the use of certain motifs that its uniqueness.
Batik Indonesia, as the overall engineering, technology, and development-related motives and culture, UNESCO has been designated as Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity since October 2, 2009.
The art of dyeing cloth with obstacles staining technique using the ‘malam’ is one of the ancient art form. In Egypt discovery suggests that this technique has been known since the 4th century BC, with the discovery of a mummy wrapping cloth which is also coated the night to form a pattern. In Asia, batik similar technique is also applied in China during the T’ang Dynasty (618-907) as well as in India and Japan during the Nara Period (645-794). In Africa, such as the batik technique known by the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria, as well as the Soninke and Wolof tribe in Senegal.
In Indonesia, batik is believed to have existed since the Majapahit era, and became very popular late eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced written batik is all up to the early 20th century and the new batik known after World War I or sometime in the 1920s.
Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (particularly Java) since long. Javanese women in the past made their skills in batik for a living, so that in the past, batik work is exclusively women’s work to finding “Batik Cap”(stamps batik) which allows the entry of men into the field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik has the masculine lines as can be seen in shades of “Mega Clouds”, which in some coastal areas batik work is common for men.
Batik was originally made ??on material with a white cotton cloth called Mori. Today batik is also made on other materials such as silk, polyester, rayon and other synthetic materials. Motif formed by a liquid wax using a tool called a canting for subtle motif, or a brush to a large motif, so that the liquid wax to seep into the fabric fibers. Fabrics that have been painted with wax and then dyed with the desired color, usually starting from the light colors. Immersion and then taken to another motif with color or black older. After some time the coloring process, which has made batik cloth dipped in chemicals to dissolve the wax.